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Search CMCs:

Electricity and Magnetism (RF)

No.

Calibration or Measurement Service

Measurand Level or Range

Measurement Conditions/Independent Variable

Expanded Uncertainty

Class or Quantity

Measurand(Quantity Instrument or Artifact)

Instrument Type or Method

Minimum value

Maximum value

Units

Parameter

Specifications

Value

Units

Coverage Factor

Level of confidence

Is the expanded uncertainty a relative one?

Matrix uncertainty

Electricity and Magnetism (Radio Frequency)

1

RF power: calibration factor in coaxials

Power sensor

Substitution

0.9

1

 

Frequency

10 MHz to 18 GHz

0.01

 

2

0.95

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Power level

1 mW to 10 mW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

type-N

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

RF power: calibration factor in waveguides

Power sensor

Substitution

0.9

1

 

Frequency

8.2 GHz, 8.6 GHz, 9.37 GHz, 10 GHz, 11 GHz, 12.4 GHz

0.01

 

2

0.95

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Power level

1 mW to 10 mW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R100

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

RF power: calibration factor in waveguides

Power sensor

Substitution

0.9

1

 

Frequency

26.5 GHz, 33 GHz, 35 GHz, 39 GHz

0.03

 

2

0.95

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Power level

10 mW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R320

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on coaxials

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

0.01

80

dB

Frequency

10 kHz, 100 kHz to 18 GHz

(2E-03 + 1E-04a), a in dB

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impedance

50 Ω, 75 Ω

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on coaxials

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

> 80

100

dB

Frequency

10 kHz, 100 kHz to 18 GHz

0.01 to 0.12

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impedance

50 Ω, 75 Ω

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on coaxials

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

0.01

80

dB

Frequency

1 GHz to 18 GHz

(2E-03 + 1E-04a), a in dB

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impedance

50 Ω

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on coaxials

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

> 80

100

dB

Frequency

1 GHz to 18 GHz

0.01 to 0.02

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impedance

50 Ω

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on coaxials

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

0.01

70

dB

Frequency

26.5 GHz to 40 GHz

(2E-03 + 2E-04a), a in dB

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impedance

50 Ω

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on coaxials

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

> 70

90

dB

Frequency

26.5 GHz to 40 GHz

0.02 to 0.12

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impedance

50 Ω

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on waveguides

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

0.01

70

dB

Frequency

3.95 GHz to 5.85 GHz

(2E-03 + 1E-04a), a in dB

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R48

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on waveguides

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

> 70

90

dB

Frequency

3.95 GHz to 5.85 GHz

0.01 to 0.05

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R48

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on waveguides

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

0.01

70

dB

Frequency

8.2 GHz to 12.4 GHz

(2E-03 + 1E-04a), a in dB

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R100

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on waveguides

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

> 70

90

dB

Frequency

8.2 GHz to 12.4 GHz

0.01 to 0.05

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R100

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on waveguides

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

0.01

70

dB

Frequency

12.4 GHz to 18 GHz

(2E-03 + 1E-04a), a in dB

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R140

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on waveguides

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

> 70

90

dB

Frequency

12.4 GHz to 18 GHz

0.01 to 0.05

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R140

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on waveguides

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

0.01

70

dB

Frequency

26.5 GHz to 40 GHz

(2E-03 + 2E-04a), a in dB

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R320

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

Scalar RF reflection coefficient and attenuation: attenuation on waveguides

Passive device: a

Audio Substitution

> 70

90

dB

Frequency

26.5 GHz to 40 GHz

0.02 to 0.12

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Reflection coefficient

<= 0.005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waveguide designation

R320

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

0

0.5

 

Frequency

1 MHz to 18 GHz

0.005

 

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

type-N, GPC7

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

0.5

1

 

Frequency

1 MHz to 18 GHz

0.010

 

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

type-N, GPC7

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, phase

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

-180

180

°

Frequency

1 MHz to 18 GHz

2arcsin(u(Γ)/Γ)

rad

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

type-N, PC7

u(Γ) is standard uncertainty of reflection coefficient magnitude

 

 

 

 

 

21

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

0

0.5

 

Frequency

1 MHz to 26.5 GHz

0.005

 

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

0.5

1

 

Frequency

1 MHz to 26.5 GHz

0.010

 

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, phase

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

-180

180

°

Frequency

1 MHz to 26.5 GHz

2arcsin(u(Γ)/Γ)

rad

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-3.5

u(Γ) is standard uncertainty of reflection coefficient magnitude

 

 

 

 

 

24

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

0

0.5

 

Frequency

1 MHz to 40 GHz

0.005

 

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-2.92

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

0.5

1

 

Frequency

1 MHz to 40 GHz

0.008

 

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-2.92

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, phase

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

-180

180

°

Frequency

1 MHz to 40 GHz

2arcsin(u(Γ)/Γ)

rad

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-2.92

u(Γ) is standard uncertainty of reflection coefficient magnitude

 

 

 

 

 

27

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

0

0.4

 

Frequency

1 MHz to 50 GHz

0.005

 

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

0.4

1

 

Frequency

1 MHz to 50 GHz

0.009

 

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

29

Scattering parameters: reflection coefficient (Sii) on coaxials, phase

Passive device, one port and two port device

Network analyser

-180

180

°

Frequency

1 MHz to 50 GHz

2arcsin(u(Γ)/Γ)

rad

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC-2.4

u(Γ) is standard uncertainty of reflection coefficient magnitude

 

 

 

 

 

30

Scattering parameters: transmission coefficient (Sij) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, two port device: A

Network analyser

> 0

70

dB

Frequency

1 MHz to 18 GHz

0.040

dB

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

type-N, GPC7

 

 

 

 

 

 

31

Scattering parameters: transmission coefficient (Sij) on coaxials, phase

Passive device, two port device

Network analyser

-180

180

°

Frequency

1 MHz to 18 GHz

2arcsin(10^(U(A)/20)-1)/2)

rad

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

type-N, GPC7

U(A) is expanded uncertainty of transmission coefficient magnitude,in dB

 

 

 

 

 

32

Scattering parameters: transmission coefficient (Sij) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, two port device: A

Network analyser

> 0

70

dB

Frequency

1 MHz to 26.5 GHz

0.040

dB

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

33

Scattering parameters: transmission coefficient (Sij) on coaxials, phase

Passive device, two port device

Network analyser

-180

180

°

Frequency

1 MHz to 26.5 GHz

2arcsin(10^(U(A)/20)-1)/2)

rad

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC3.5

U(A) is expanded uncertainty of transmission coefficient magnitude,in dB

 

 

 

 

 

34

Scattering parameters: transmission coefficient (Sij) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, two port device: A

Network analyser

> 0

70

dB

Frequency

1 MHz to 40 GHz

0.041

dB

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC2.92

 

 

 

 

 

 

35

Scattering parameters: transmission coefficient (Sij) on coaxials, phase

Passive device, two port device

Network analyser

-180

180

°

Frequency

1 MHz to 40 GHz

2arcsin(10^(U(A)/20)-1)/2)

rad

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC2.92

U(A) is expanded uncertainty of transmission coefficient magnitude,in dB

 

 

 

 

 

36

Scattering parameters: transmission coefficient (Sij) on coaxials, magnitude

Passive device, two port device: A

Network analyser

> 0

70

dB

Frequency

1 MHz to 50 GHz

0.041

dB

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

37

Scattering parameters: transmission coefficient (Sij) on coaxials, phase

Passive device, two port device

Network analyser

-180

180

°

Frequency

1 MHz to 50 GHz

2arcsin(10^(U(A)/20)-1)/2)

rad

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Connector type

GPC2.4

U(A) is expanded uncertainty of transmission coefficient magnitude,in dB

 

 

 

 

 

38

Noise: Noise temperature or excess noise ratio in coaxial line

Noise source

Radiometer

100

295

K

Frequency

1 GHz to 8 GHz

30

mK/K

2

0.95

yes

 

 

 

 

 

Connector

PC7

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

Noise: Noise temperature or excess noise ratio in coaxial line

Noise source

Radiometer

296

30000

K

Frequency

1 GHz to 8 GHz

12

mK/K

2

0.95

yes

 

 

 

 

 

Connector

PC7

 

 

 

 

 

 

40

Noise: Noise temperature or excess noise ratio in coaxial line

Noise source

Radiometer

100

295

K

Frequency

1 GHz to 8 GHz

32

mK/K

2

0.95

yes

 

 

 

 

 

Connector

type-N, 3.5mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

41

Noise: Noise temperature or excess noise ratio in coaxial line

Noise source

Radiometer

296

30000

K

Frequency

1 GHz to 8 GHz

14

mK/K

2

0.95

yes

 

 

 

 

 

Connector

type-N, 3.5mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

42

Signal and pulse characteristics:pulse time parameters: risetime

Sampling oscilloscope

Nose to Nose Calibration technology

7

20

ps

 

 

0.5

ps

2

95%

no

 

43

Signal and pulse characteristics:pulse time parameters: risetime

pulse generator

Calibrated Oscilloscope

20

1000

ps

 

 

3ps

ps

2

95%

no

 

44

Signal and pulse characteristics: pulse amplitude U

Pulse generator

Time domain sampling

-0.5

0.5

V

Time

10 ps to 100 ns

(7E-03U + 2E-03), U in V

V

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum input voltage

2 V

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source impedance

50 Ω

 

 

 

 

 

 

45

Signal and pulse characteristics: pulse amplitude U

Pulse generator or function generator

DC/AC direct

10

200

V

Square wave frequency

10 Hz to 1 kHz

(5E-04U + 5E-03), U in V

V

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Source impedance

1 MΩ

 

 

 

 

 

 

46

Signal and pulse characteristics: pulse amplitude U

Pulse generator or function generator

DC/AC direct

0.01

10

V

Square wave frequency

10 Hz to 1 kHz

(5E-04U + 5E-04), U in V

V

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Source impedance

1 MΩ

 

 

 

 

 

 

47

Signal and pulse characteristics: pulse amplitude U

Pulse generator or function generator

DC/AC direct

-10

-200

V

Square wave frequency

10 Hz to 1 kHz

(5E-04U + 5E-03), U absolute value of the pulse amplitude in V

V

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Source impedance

1 MΩ

 

 

 

 

 

 

48

Signal and pulse characteristics: pulse amplitude U

Pulse generator or function generator

DC/AC direct

-0.01

-10

V

Square wave frequency

10 Hz to 1 kHz

(5E-04U + 5E-04), U absolute value of the pulse amplitude in V

V

2

0.95

No

 

 

 

 

 

Source impedance

1 MΩ

 

 

 

 

 

 

49

Electromagnetic fields above 50 kHz, Electric field strength

Transfer sensor

μTEM-cell

10

60

V/m

Frequency

10 MHz to 1000 MHz

0.35

%

2

95%

yes

 

50

Electromagnetic fields above 50 kHz, Electric field strength

Field Probe

GTEM-cell

10

60

V/m

Frequency

10 MHz to 1000 MHz

1.1

%

2

95%

yes

 

51

Electromagnetic fields above 50 kHz, Power flux density

Field Probe

in anechoic chamber

0.1

10

mW/cm2

Frequency

1.4GHz to 18GHz

0.96

dB

2

95%

No

 

52

Antenna properties: antenna factor

Dipole antenna

3-antenna method

-10

30

dB/m

Frequency

80 MHz to 1000 MHz

0.7

dB

2

95%

No

 

53

Antenna properties, Antenna factor

Biconical antenna

three antenna method

0

30

dB(1/m)

Environment

free space antenna factor

1.34

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Frequency

30 MHz - 300 MHz

 

 

 

 

 

 

54

Antenna properties, Antenna factor

Biconical antenna

Standard antenna method

0

30

dB(1/m)

Environment

free space antenna factor

1.97

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Frequency

30 MHz - 300 MHz

 

 

 

 

 

 

55

Antenna properties, Antenna factor

Log period dipole antenna

three antenna method

10

35

dB(1/m)

Environment

free space antenna factor

1.30

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Frequency

200 MHz - 1000 MHz

 

 

 

 

 

 

56

Antenna properties, Antenna factor

Log period dipole antenna

Standard antenna method

10

35

dB(1/m)

Environment

free space antenna factor

1.56

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Frequency

200 MHz - 1000 MHz

 

 

 

 

 

 

57

Antenna properties, Antenna factor

Hybrid

three antenna method

10

35

dB(1/m)

Environment

free space antenna factor

1.65

dB

2

95%

No

 

 

 

 

 

Frequency

30 MHz - 1000 MHz

 

 

 

 

 

 

58

Antenna properties, Antenna factor

EMC Horn Antenna

three antenna method

-10

80

dB(1/m)

Frequency

1GHz to 18GHz

0.7

dB

2

95%

No

 

59

RF voltage and current: RF voltage meters

RF voltmeter

Direct

0.2

2

V

Frequency

10 MHz to 1 GHz

2

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

60

RF voltage and current: RF voltage meters

RF voltmeter

Direct

0.2

2

V

Frequency

1 GHz to 2 GHz

4

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

61

RF voltage and current: RF voltage meters

RF meter

Direct

0.2

2

V

Frequency

2 GHz to 3 GHz

7

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

62

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF coaxial thermal voltage converter

Direct

0.1

3

V

Frequency

30 MHz to 1 GHz

5

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

63

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Direct

100

100

mV

Frequency

30 MHz to 1 GHz

5

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

64

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

10

100

mV

Frequency

30 MHz to 1 GHz

10

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

65

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

10

100

mV

Frequency

1 MHz to 30 MHz

2

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

66

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

1

10

mV

Frequency

30 MHz to 1 GHz

12

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

67

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

1

10

mV

Frequency

1 MHz to 30 MHz

3

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

68

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

0.1

1

mV

Frequency

30 MHz to 1 GHz

15

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

69

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

0.1

1

mV

Frequency

1 MHz to 30 MHz

5

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

70

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

0.01

0.1

mV

Frequency

30 MHz to 1 GHz

20

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

71

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

0.01

0.1

mV

Frequency

1 MHz to 30 MHz

10

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

72

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

0.001

0.01

mV

Frequency

30 MHz to 1 GHz

30

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

73

RF voltage and current: RF/DC difference

Thermal voltage converter: RF micropotentiometer

Substitution

0.001

0.01

mV

Frequency

1 MHz to 30 MHz

20

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

74

RF voltage and current: RF voltage sources

RF source: RF voltage standard

Substitution

0.1

2

V

Frequency

10 MHz to 1 GHz

4

mV/V

2

95%

Yes

 

75

RF voltage and current: RF voltage sources

RF source: RF voltage standard

Substitution

0.1

2

V

Frequency